1. Put the resilience of communities most at risk at the top of the political agenda and build coherence of policies and practices
We call on governments to integrate risk into all sectors and all levels of society.
National governments should work to strengthen understanding of all aspects of risk and acknowledge that without resilience building, SDGs will not be achieved.
As we are seeing during this Covid-19 pandemic, disasters have a disproportionate impact on communities living in poverty. Sustainable development can only be achieved when local risk is fully understood. Levels of risk are determined by the threats people face, their vulnerability, and their capacities.
When development is not risk-informed, far from offering progress, this so-called ‘development’ is actually creating risk, increasing existing risk and wiping out any potential gains.
Governments need to ensure they implement global frameworks with a coherent approach, to ensure development is risk-informed: at the local level there is integration, at the national level there is coordination, at the international level there is communication and alignment.
The pandemic shows that risk cuts across all the three dimensions of sustainable development as outlined in the Agenda 2030: economic, social and environmental. Hence, cross-sectoral solutions are essential to avoid further cascading effects of this disaster.
Risk assessments must map the multi-faceted nature of risk, and take into consideration all threats and underlying causes of risk experienced by communities: WHO recommends risk analysis and mapping of vulnerable populations as a step for preparedness and response.
All development actors need to initiate a structural change towards risk-informed development, starting from the national and local development plans and DRR strategies: they need to ensure integration among all sectors of government and all levels of society.